When is it better to place an implant: immediately after removal or after a while?
Nature ordered that an adult have 32 teeth. Teeth help to chew food, are involved in the correct pronunciation of words and, of course, give the image an aesthetic appeal.
But no one is safe from tooth loss. The cause may be carious tooth decay, loss of a unit due to an accident, or a consequence of severe chronic diseases.
What to do if a tooth is lost?
Modern medicine offers the best option for restoration of the dentition – implantation.
Dental implantation is a section of surgical dentistry that involves the artificial implantation of an implant into bone tissue and the restoration of missing teeth. The implant osseointegration takes place within 4-6 months, then an intermediate element, the abutment, is attached. At the final stage, a crown is made and fixed to the abutment. The restored tooth qualitatively performs the functions of a natural one, promotes good chewing of food, restores important physiological functions and prevents the negative consequences of the absence of a tooth.
When can an implant be placed?
There are three periods when dental implants should be performed:
2-3 months after tooth extraction;
In the long term after tooth loss.
It is important to note in advance that only a qualified specialist can answer this question. Depending on the general state of the patient’s health and the absence of contraindications to the procedure, simultaneous dental implantation can be prescribed.
What is simultaneous dental implantation?
Immediate implantation is the procedure for restoring a missing tooth immediately after resection of the removed root. This procedure can significantly reduce the time of tooth treatment, but not for every patient.
During the consultation, the doctor takes a picture of the jaw in three-dimensional projection to determine indications for rapid implantation. The process of simultaneous implantation involves the installation of the implant directly in the hole after the extracted tooth. During tissue healing, blood clots harden and connect with the implant. Then there is accelerated integration of the implant in the bone tissue and the chances of successful survival are significantly increased.
Immediate implantation can be performed both for one tooth and for several immediately, naturally, in the absence of contraindications. A direct indication for simultaneous implantation is mechanical damage to the root of the tooth.
Contraindications for simultaneous dental implantation:
Wide hole after tooth extraction;
Inflammatory processes in the oral cavity;
The main advantage of this type of dental implantation is the speed of treatment. You do not need to wait several months for only bone formation, and only then install the implant and wait six months again. But, with simultaneous implantation, you will have to visit the dentist much more often for a routine examination. The price for the procedure can be found directly in the clinic or on the dentistry website in the price list.
What difficulties can arise when implanting a tooth long after the loss?
If there are contraindications to simultaneous dental implantation, the procedure is postponed for several months. But, it can also negatively affect tooth restoration. Bone tissue is prone to resorption and loss of shape in the absence of load. This leads to atrophy and inability to install the implant. In such cases, it is necessary to build up bone tissue and only after some time proceed with implantation.
It is impossible to say unequivocally when exactly tissue atrophy occurs, because in each clinical case it is individual. Therefore, do not delay tooth implantation for a long period.