Dentistry: orthodontics – what it includes
Teeth play an important role. Teeth are needed to eat and speak, they are important for a pleasant smile and a cheerful laugh.
A person with crooked teeth may find it difficult to chew; he may suffer from sick gums and speech impairments. Some people, as experts note, the roughness of the teeth also creates difficulties in communication: they find it difficult to freely express their feelings, because they believe that such teeth ruin their smile.
What can you do if your teeth are in the wrong position? Who to contact? At what age? What is the course of treatment? Will it hurt? Is it always necessary?
The section of dentistry that deals with such problems is called orthodontics. The task of orthodontics is to correct the broken position of the teeth.
What are the main functions of orthodontics? She is engaged in the diagnosis and prevention of violations, as well as the manufacture of corrective devices.
Even in ancient times, people were worried about crowded, jagged, and protruding teeth, and attempts at orthodontic treatment were made at least in the eighth century BC. e. Early, surprisingly well-crafted orthodontic brackets are found among ancient Greek and Etruscan archaeological finds.
Dentists called orthodontists in almost all parts of the world deal with problems associated with incorrect tooth position. These doctors need to have good knowledge about the growth and development of teeth, jaws and surrounding muscles and tissues.
What does orthodontics do?
Orthodontics can be defined as “a field of dentistry that monitors the growing and permanent dentofacial structures, the direction of their development and correction”. This includes “correcting the position of the teeth relative to each other and the bones of the face with the help of traction or stimulation and redirecting the action of functional forces within the craniofacial complex.” Needless to say, the definition is highly specialized, but accurate.
So, in orthodontics, traction is applied to the teeth or the structures surrounding them. This is done with the help of custom-made devices that correct the individual disorders of each patient, forcing teeth and even bones to take the correct position.
The bone surrounding the teeth contains cells called osteoclasts and cells called osteoblasts. As a result of the pressure generated by the apparatus, osteoclasts are activated in the pressure region and bone tissue is absorbed. And in the traction area, a new bone formed by osteoblasts forms a jumper. Thus, the teeth move slowly.
But is it convenient for months to carry in your mouth an alien body of wire, gum, or maybe even rubber? A newly installed or fitted device can cause discomfort, but after some time you get used to the device. In theory, everyone can get used to it.
When to be treated?
If it seems that the child has a malocclusion, then this does not necessarily mean that it will not go away with age. Some violations are corrected by themselves. When the primary teeth change, the latter, located in the front of the mouth, often become crowded, because they are larger than the teeth they replace.
But after the loss of milk molars, which are replaced by permanent small molars, the position of the teeth in relation to each other changes. With the help and under the influence of the muscle structure, the teeth align themselves. Therefore, parents should not worry, noticing that at first the child’s permanent teeth grow unevenly. Whether something needs to be done, the orthodontist will decide.
There is no consensus among specialists about when to treat young patients. Some believe that this should be done at a very young age (4-6 years). Others believe that later: closer to the end of the growth period and the onset of puberty (12-15 years). Still others choose some time between these periods.
Not just for kids.
However, orthodontics is not only for children. Bent teeth cause a lot of trouble for adults. However, the look of your smile can be corrected at any age if your teeth and peridental structures are healthy.
What kind of trouble do bent teeth cause? At least three types: 1) violations related to appearance; 2) functional disorders, including difficulties with jaw movement (pain, difficulty in muscle coordination), chewing and articulation; 3) increased risk of injury with teeth protruding forward, increased risk of periodontal disease (gum disease), decay of teeth, as well as their destruction and wear caused by malocclusion. In addition, some specialists associate malocclusion with an incorrect position of the spinal column (namely in the neck) and impaired muscle function in other parts of the body. How is the treatment carried out? And how long does it last?
Duration and treatment methods
If you think that you need to see an orthodontist, or show him a child, contact the doctor you trust. The duration of treatment will depend on the severity of the disorder, the method of treatment, and will probably be several months, and possibly years.