When does the need arise and how does tooth root removal go?
Removing the tooth root is carried out in the clinical case when it is impossible to cure and preserve the tooth. Teeth – an organ of the human body that is most susceptible to destruction, based on a number of multiple reasons.
Indications for tooth root extraction:
If the root of the decayed tooth provokes the formation of cysts;
If the root of the tooth has crumbled due to injury or illness;
If crown damage is observed (transverse);
With a pronounced dentofacial anomaly.
The operation to remove the root of the tooth does not pose a particular danger to the life of the patient. But, due to possible anatomical abnormalities, difficulties may arise during execution. Therefore, the removal of the root of the tooth should be carried out by dentists with a high level of qualification and many years of successful experience in surgical dentistry.
Complications during tooth root extraction can occur:
Due to the difficult anatomical situation;
Increased tooth fragility;
Atypical arrangement of the root of the tooth.
How does tooth root removal occur?
Typically, a typical instrumentation is used to remove the root of the tooth – forceps or an elevator. It is worth clarifying that due to the features of the anatomical structure, forceps are used to remove the root of the upper tooth. When removing the roots of the lower teeth, it is customary to use the elevator tool. In particularly difficult clinical situations, a gingival incision can be performed.
Before removing the root of the tooth, it is necessary to conduct mandatory preparation. The preparatory phase involves a thorough examination, a study of the problem, an accurate determination of the localization of the root of the tooth. Having a clear idea of the situation, the dentist can draw up a plan and tactics for effective treatment.
Also, preparation involves professional brushing of teeth and oral cavity before removal. Deep cleaning helps neutralize bacteria and reduces the risk of infection.
After cleaning, it is necessary to determine the appropriate type of anesthesia. If you are prone to allergies to certain medications, you should notify your dentist about this. In this case, the dentist should conduct a test for allergic reactions to make sure that there is no anaphylactic shock.
What is the postoperative phase?
After the operation, treatment of the wound surface occupies a special place. After the removed root, it is customary to put medicines into the hole, which somewhat reduce the likelihood of inflammation. After this, sutures should be applied to the damaged surface. They are removed on average a week after the operation.
In the period after surgery, you should carefully take food so as not to disturb the affected area. Also, painkillers and antibacterial drugs may be prescribed. All medicines are prescribed by the attending physician; it is not recommended to choose drugs on your own.