Implants and natural teeth: how to properly care for the oral cavity after installation?
Teeth are not just a human organ. Teeth – this is a component of an attractive smile, it is the reason for the admiration of others, it is a good mood on any cloudy day.
For many, beautiful teeth became the reason for career growth, for others – the reason for success on the personal front. Well, always and for all, healthy teeth are the key to a person’s success. Therefore, teeth must be protected, which in our time is very difficult.
Dirty ecology, chlorinated water, an excess of sugar in many dishes are common causes of decay and tooth loss. Unfortunately, not many managed to save an attractive smile after several decades.
But modern medicine does not stand still and therefore tooth restoration is not a problem. Dental implants and prosthetics are gaining momentum and are becoming increasingly popular.
What are the “prosthetics and implantation” procedures?
Dental prosthetics is a dental procedure that is performed for patients with significant tooth decay. In simpler words, this is a procedure that is performed for teeth with a lot of damage, but still with a living root and canals. At the beginning, a picture is taken in three-dimensional projection in order to determine the dimensions and to examine in detail the place of installation of the prosthesis. Further, in the dental laboratory, according to the size of the impression, a prototype of the tooth is made – a crown. This crown replaces the damaged parts of the tooth and looks quite natural.
Dental implantation is a more complex and lengthy dental procedure. It is carried out in the case when the tooth was completely lost and it is required to replace it entirely. An implant acts as a root, and a crown as a visible part of a tooth.
Indications for dental implants:
Adentia (congenital pathology in which there are no teeth);
Neglected caries, which led to the natural destruction of the tooth;
Loss of unit due to a fall, fight or other accident (classified as mechanical damage).
Each of these reasons is an occasion to turn to the dentist for a consultation with the question of further implantation. Why further? Because a particularly important stage in dental implantation is preparation.
What is dental implant preparation?
Preparation for dental implants is one of the most crucial steps. Before proceeding to the procedure, it is necessary to conduct a complete diagnosis of the teeth, identify pain points and conduct treatment. It is unacceptable to carry out implantation with advanced caries and gum disease.
After dental treatment, it is important to discuss with the doctor possible contraindications for implantation. This will allow you to abandon the expensive procedure in time and not lose money. As a rule, with poor blood coagulability, cancer and diabetes, the installation of an implant is contraindicated.
At the end of all preparatory manipulations, it becomes possible to proceed with the operation. Dental implantation occurs in three stages:
Installation of the abutment;
Setting the crown (an element that repeats the shape and is responsible for the functions of a natural tooth).
What is a crown and how much does it look like a natural tooth?
A crown is the upper part of the tooth that is responsible for the chewing reflex. The crown is installed at the very final stage of implantation, when the implant itself has successfully taken root in the oral cavity.
The crown is made according to the previously made cast of the patient’s jaw in order to avoid problems with the size, width and volume of the future tooth. An important aspect: it is unacceptable that the tooth is not comfortably located in the oral cavity. From this, the natural closure of the jaw is disrupted, pain, corns, wounds occur and even implant rejection is quite possible.
Based on the casts, the crown is made in a dental laboratory and is fully consistent with the appearance of a natural tooth.
Crowns can be made of:
Metal crowns have been used for many years in dental practice, but now it’s almost impossible to find them. The advantage of these crowns is that they are strong, not flexible and last for many years. Among the shortcomings is a completely unattractive appearance. But, according to pricing, metal crowns are more accessible to the average consumer.
Cermet crowns are quite durable and reliable. Strong material adequately withstand the load when chewing, not prone to deformation and displacement. The metal frame of the crown is coated with a special ceramic coating, which creates a visually attractive color for an ordinary tooth.
A ceramic crown without metal is the most common option in modern dentistry. Ceramic crowns have an aesthetically attractive appearance, completely repeating a natural tooth. Specialists can create light translucency on such teeth, which ensures naturalness. Ceramic crowns are durable and long-lasting. The only negative of ceramic crowns is the rather high price.